8285.000 Gardenia J. Ellis

Description of the genus

Shrubs or trees, with branches often in threes and young parts often glutinous. Stipules sheathing, often truncate. Leaves opposite or 3-nate, with or without domatia. Flowers large, terminal or pseudoaxillary, solitary or in few-flowered fascicles, white, turning yellow to brown with age. Corolla tube funnel-shaped or cylindric; lobes 5-12. Ovary 1-locular with 2-9 parietal placentas. Fruit spherical or ellipsoid, usually with a thick fibrous or woody wall. Seeds numerous, fused into a pulpy solid mass.

Derivation of name: Named after Alexander Garden, a medical doctor from Aberdeen, who was one of Linnaeus' correspondents

Worldwide: c. 60 species in the tropical and warm Old World

Mozambique: 9 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Menophra obtusata (Pale waved umber)
Omizodes ocellata (Ocellate thorn)
Gardenia volkensii subsp. volkensii var. volkensii

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
cornuta Hemsl.M
imperialis K. Schum. subsp. imperialis T,MSDescription, Image
resiniflua Hiern subsp. resiniflua N,T,MS,GIDescription, Image
subacaulis Stapf & Hutch.N,T
ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn. subsp. jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Verdc. var. jovis-tonantis (Welw. Aubrev.N,ZImage
ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn. subsp. jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Verdc. var. goetzei (Stapf & Hutch.) Verdc.N,T,MS,GIDescription, Image
transvenulosa Verdc.[VU]NImage
volkensii K. Schum. subsp. volkensii var. volkensii MS,GI,MDescription, Image
volkensii K.Schum. subsp. volkensii var. saundersiae (N.E. Br.) Verdc.M

Other sources of information about Gardenia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gardenia
Flora of Caprivi: Gardenia
Flora of Malawi: Gardenia
Flora of Zambia: Gardenia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gardenia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gardenia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gardenia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gardenia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gardenia
Wikipedia: Gardenia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gardenia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gardenia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Gardenia.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1380, retrieved 22 September 2021

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