Vernonia myriantha Hook. f.

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Vernonia myriantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Vernonia myriantha

Photo: Petra Ballings
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Vernonia myriantha

Photo: Petra Ballings
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Vernonia myriantha

Photo: Petra Ballings
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gymnanthemum myrianthum (Hook.f.) H. Rob.
Vernonia ampla O. Hoffm.
Vernonia podocoma Sch.Bip. ex Vatke
Vernonia stipulacea Klatt
Vernonia subuligera O. Hoffm.
Common names: Eared vernonia (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Large shrub or even small, soft wooded tree, 1.5-6 m. tall. Leaves grey-green velvety to hairy beneath, rarely becoming hairless, 10-38 cm. long; margins serrate. Capitula numerous, small, whitish, mauve to purple-pink, phyllaries ± equalling the mature achene in length, inner phyllaries falling in fruit; florets 5-15 per capitulum; achene obscurely angular and 6-8 ribbed, outer pappus of short setae, inner of fine white often long-exserted setae. Although often a "messy" shrub, it can be quite beautiful when in flower because the large inflorescences turn the whole shrub into a ball of colour varying from white to deep purple.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Rocky scrub and grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe; widespread in tropical Africa, extending to KwaZulu-Natal.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 1 February 2011
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 180 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 111.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 1028. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 29. As Vernonia stipulacea

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 278. as Vernonia stipulacea

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 82 - 85. (Includes a picture).

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Pages 18 - 19. as Vernonia ampla (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 60.

Other sources of information about Vernonia myriantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vernonia myriantha
Flora of Zambia: Vernonia myriantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vernonia myriantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia myriantha
African Plant Database: Vernonia myriantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia myriantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia myriantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vernonia myriantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vernonia myriantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia myriantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vernonia myriantha
iNaturalist: Vernonia myriantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia myriantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia myriantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vernonia myriantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia myriantha
Plants of the World Online: Vernonia myriantha
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vernonia myriantha
Tropicos: Vernonia myriantha
Wikipedia: Vernonia myriantha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Vernonia myriantha.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=158430, retrieved 10 December 2019

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