Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Asterales

Asteraceae - Sunflower family


Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005) Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Beentje, H.J. (ed.) (2000) Compositae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Beentje, H.J. (ed.) (2002) Compositae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Pope, G.V. (1992) Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1)

Description of the family

Herbs, suffrutices, shrubs or (rarely) climbers or trees. Leaves alternate, less often opposite. Stipules 0, but false stipules occur in a few species (for example: Vernonia myriantha and Senecio deltoideus) . Flowers small (florets), aggregated into heads (capitula) and simulating single larger flowers and surrounded by a calyx-like involucre of one or more series of bracts (phyllaries). Receptacle of the head expanded, with or without receptacular scales or bristles each subtending a floret. Florets all similar sexually (head homogamous) or central and marginal florets differing (head heterogamous) and then the central florets usually bisexual or rarely male, the outer female or rarely neuter. Calyx never typically herbaceous but represented by a pappus of numerous simple or feathery (plumose) hairs, or a smaller number of membranous scales, teeth or bristles, or by a continuous membranous ring; sometimes 0.

Corolla composed of (3-)5 united petals fused into a tube below and with a distal limb consisting of either: (1) 5 actinomorphic lobes or teeth (tubular florets); or (2) a unilateral strap-shaped limb (ray) 0-3(-4)-dentate at the apex; or (3) a unilateral strap-shaped limb (ligule), 5-dentate at the apex.

Stamens 5, borne on the corolla-tube; anthers usually fused into a cylinder around the style. Ovary inferior, 1-celled, with 1 basal ovule; style single below but branching above into 2 stigmatic arms. Fruit an achene, crowned by the pappus, sometimes with a slender beak interposed between them.

Worldwide: 1,528 genera and 22,750 species, cosmopolitan, excluding Antarctica.

Mozambique: 113 genera and 367 taxa.

Bothriocline inyangana var. inyangana

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Acanthospermum SchrankDescription, Image
Adelostigma SteetzDescription
Adenostemma J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.Description
Ageratum L.Description
Ambrosia L.Description, Image
Anisopappus Hook. & Arn.Description
Arctotheca J.C. Wendl.Description
Aspilia ThouarsDescription, Image
Aster L.Description
Athrixia Ker Gawl.Description, Image
Berkheya Ehrh.Description, Image
Bidens L.Description, Image
Blainvillea Cass.Description, Image
Blepharispermum DC.Description
Blumea DC.Description
Bothriocline Oliv. ex Benth.Description, Image
Brachycome Cass.Description
Brachylaena R. Br.Description, Image
Brachythrix Wild & G.V. PopeDescription
Callilepis DC.Description
Calostephane Benth.Description, Image
Centaurea L.Description, Image
Chromolaena DC.Description
Chrysanthellum Rich.Description
Chrysanthemoides Fabr.Description
Chrysocoma L.Description
Cineraria L.Description
Conyza Less.Description
Cotula L.Description
Crassocephalum Moench.Description
Crepis L.Description
Dewildemania O. Hoffm.Description
Dichrocephala L'Hér. ex DC.Description
Dicoma Cass.Description
Distephanus Cass.Description
Doellia Sch. Bip.Description
Eclipta L.Description, Image
Elephantopus L.Description
Emilia (Cass.) Cass.Description, Image
Enydra Lour.Description, Image
Erigeron L.Description
Erlangea Sch. Bip.Description, Image
Erythrocephalum Benth.Description
Eschenbachia MoenchImage
Ethulia L.f.Description
Felicia Cass.Description
Flaveria Juss.Description, Image
Galinsoga Ruiz & Pav.Description, Image
Gazania Gaertn.Description
Geigeria Griess.Description
Gerbera Cass.Description, Image
Gnaphalium L.Description, Image
Grangea Adans.Description
Guizotia Cass.Description, Image
Gutenbergia Sch. Bip.Description
Gyrodoma WildDescription, Image
Haplocarpha Less.Description, Image
Helianthus L.Description
Helichrysopsis Kirp.Description
Helichrysum Mill.Description, Image
Hirpicium Cass.Description
Hypericophyllum SteetzDescription, Image
Hypochaeris L.Description
Inula L.Description, Image
Kleinia Mill.Description
Lactuca L.Description
Laggera Benth.Description
Launaea Cass.Description, Image
Lipotriche R. Br.Image
Litogyne Harv.Description, Image
Lopholaena DC.Description, Image
Macledium Cass.
Microglossa DC.Description, Image
Mikania Willd.Description, Image
Monactinocephalus KlattImage
Neojeffreya CabreraDescription, Image
Nidorella Cass.Description, Image
Osteospermum L.Description
Parthenium L.Description, Image
Pegolettia Cass.Description, Image
Pentanema Cass.Description
Pleiotaxis SteetzDescription
Pluchea Cass.Description, Image
Porphyrostemma Benth. ex Oliv.Description
Pseudoconyza Cuatrec.Description, Image
Pseudognaphalium Kirp.Description
Psiadia Jacq.Description, Image
Pteronia L.Description
Schistostephium Less.Description
Schkuhria RothDescription, Image
Sclerocarpus Jacq.Description, Image
Senecio L.Description, Image
Sigesbeckia L.Description, Image
Solanecio (Sch. Bip.) Walp.Description, Image
Sonchus L.Description
Sphaeranthus L.Description, Image
Sphagneticola O. Hoffm.Description, Image
Spilanthes Jacq.Description, Image
Stoebe L.Description, Image
Stomatanthes R.M. King & H. Rob.Description, Image
Tagetes L.Description
Taraxacum F.H. Wigg.Description
Tarchonanthus L.Description
Tithonia Desf. ex Juss.Description, Image
Tolpis Adans.Description
Tridax L.Description, Image
Ursinia Gaertn.Description
Vellereophyton Hilliard & B.L. BurttDescription
Verbesina L.Description, Image
Vernonanthura H. Rob.Description, Image
Vernonia Schreb.Description, Image
Wollastonia DC. ex Decne.Description
Xanthium L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Asteraceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Asteraceae
Flora of Caprivi: Asteraceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Asteraceae
Flora of Malawi: Asteraceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Asteraceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Asteraceae
Flora of Zambia: Asteraceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Asteraceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Asteraceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Asteraceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asteraceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asteraceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asteraceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asteraceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Asteraceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asteraceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Asteraceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asteraceae
Wikipedia: Asteraceae
Plants of the World Online: Asteraceae
Tropicos: Asteraceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Family page: Asteraceae.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=26, retrieved 9 December 2023

Site software last modified: 10 August 2019 11:32pm
Terms of use