Acanthospermum australe (Loefl.) Kuntze

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Acanthospermum australe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga before "Mosquito Camp", Chimanimani National Reserve

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Synonyms: Acanthospermum brasilum Shrank
Acanthospermum xanthoides (Kunth) DC. var. obtusifolium DC.
Acanthospermum xanthoides (Kunth) DC. var. acutifolium DC.
Centrospermum xanthoides Kunth.
Melampodium australe Loefl.
Common names: Creeping starbur (English) Prostrate starbur (English)
Status: Introduced
Annual herb with prostrate branches. Fertile achenes usually (6-)8-9, fused with an enlarged inner phyllary into a fruit which is c.7 mm, oblong-fusiform, covered with numerous hooked spines; apex without 2 prominent spines.
Derivation of specific name: australe: southern
Habitat: In disturbed places, such as roadsides and cultivated areas, preferring the higher rainfall areas.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Central and South America: West Indies, Guianas, Brazil, Venezuela, Columbia, Bolivia and northern Paraguay.
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 22 February 2020

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 145.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 23.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 27.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 60. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1967). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 1. Heliantheae. Kirkia 6(1) Pages 7 - 8.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 88.

Other sources of information about Acanthospermum australe:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Acanthospermum australe
Flora of Zambia: Acanthospermum australe
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acanthospermum australe

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acanthospermum australe
African Plant Database: Acanthospermum australe
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acanthospermum australe
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acanthospermum australe
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acanthospermum australe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acanthospermum australe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acanthospermum australe
JSTOR Plant Science: Acanthospermum australe
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acanthospermum australe
Plants of the World Online: Acanthospermum australe
Tropicos: Acanthospermum australe
Wikipedia: Acanthospermum australe

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Acanthospermum australe., retrieved 7 June 2023

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