Senecio deltoideus Less.

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Senecio deltoideus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upstream from Nhamadzi River crossing, Chimanimani National Reserve

Senecio deltoideus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upstream from Nhamadzi River crossing, Chimanimani National Reserve

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Common names: Canary creeper (English)
Status: Native
Vigorous climbing herb. Leaves broadly-ovate to deltoid with a large round stipule-like lobe at the base of the petiole, discolorous, dull green and mostly hairless above, greyish silvery pubescent beneath; veins impressed above; margin coarsely and irregularly serrated. Capitula bright yellow, produced in masses of branched inflorescences.
Notes: It is similar to Senecio tamoides and is known by the same common name. It can be distinguished by the soft leaves which are much paler on the under surface, broadly triangular in outline with very irregular lobes and dentations along the margins, giving the leaves a wrinkled and torn appearence. There are normally leaf-like false stipules present at the base of the petioles. The leaves of S. tamoides are more smooth and slightly leathery and more regularly dentate. No false stipules are present.Senecio deltoideus is a species of more open terrain, such as bracken and ericoid scrub or bush clumps in montane grassland, where it often forms masses on the ground and on lower scrub. S. tamoides is a typical constituent of the evergreen forest edge, where it acts more as a climbing species.
Derivation of specific name: deltoideus: shaped like a triangle (referring to the leaves)
Habitat: Among rocks in (sub)montane grassland, in the bracken ecotone between forest and grassland, riverine vegetation and along roadsides in high rainfall areas.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS(?other)
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 29 January 2020

Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005). Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 625 - 626.

Jeffrey, C. (1986). The Senecioneae in East Tropical Africa: Notes on Compositae: IV Kew Bulletin 41(4) Pages 886 - 887.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 28.

Other sources of information about Senecio deltoideus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Senecio deltoideus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Senecio deltoideus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Senecio deltoideus
African Plant Database: Senecio deltoideus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Senecio deltoideus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Senecio deltoideus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Senecio deltoideus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Senecio deltoideus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Senecio deltoideus
JSTOR Plant Science: Senecio deltoideus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Senecio deltoideus
Plants of the World Online: Senecio deltoideus
Tropicos: Senecio deltoideus
Wikipedia: Senecio deltoideus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Senecio deltoideus., retrieved 24 September 2023

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