Berkheya setifera DC.

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Berkheya setifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Grassland plateau above Morumbodzi Falls, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa.

Berkheya setifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Grassland plateau above Morumbodzi Falls, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa.

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Synonyms: Berkheya setifera DC. var. tropica S. Moore
Crocodilodes setiferum (DC.) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust, perennial herb, up to 1.2 m tall. Stems annual, branched in the upper part, thinly covered in cobweb-like hairs. Leaves mainly basal, with some smaller leaves along the stem, oblanceolate to obovate, up to 45 cm long, upper surface and margins densely set with straw-coloured spiny bristles, 2-7 mm long, longest at the apices of the marginal teeth; lower surface hairy like the stems; lamina base clasping the stems. Capitula terminal 3-6 cm in diameter, solitary on the stems and branches or rarely several more or less clustered, bright yellow; ray-florets 12-20 mm long; disk-florets numerous.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In submontane grassland, bracken scrub and along road sides.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 22 June 2012

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 23.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Page 242.

Roessler, H. (1975). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca Area, 5 Subtribe Gorteriinae. Kirkia 10(1) Pages 77 - 78.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 88.

Other sources of information about Berkheya setifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Berkheya setifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Berkheya setifera
African Plant Database: Berkheya setifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Berkheya setifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Berkheya setifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Berkheya setifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Berkheya setifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Berkheya setifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Berkheya setifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Berkheya setifera
Plants of the World Online: Berkheya setifera
Tropicos: Berkheya setifera
Wikipedia: Berkheya setifera

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Berkheya setifera., retrieved 25 September 2023

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