Sonchus oleraceus L.

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Sonchus oleraceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hotel Castelo Branco, Chimoio

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Common names: Smooth sow-thistle (English)
Status: Introduced
Tall annual weed ( up to 1.2 m). A native of Europe and North Africa but now a near cosmopolitan weed.
Derivation of specific name: oleraceus: vegetable-garden herb used in cooking
Habitat: In gardens, on roadsides and other disturbed places.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: A native of Europe and North Africa but now a near cosmopolitan weed.
Mozambique distribution: MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 107. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 149. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 28.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 225 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 38.

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 75. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 89.

Other sources of information about Sonchus oleraceus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sonchus oleraceus
Flora of Malawi: Sonchus oleraceus
Flora of Zambia: Sonchus oleraceus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sonchus oleraceus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sonchus oleraceus
African Plant Database: Sonchus oleraceus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sonchus oleraceus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sonchus oleraceus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sonchus oleraceus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sonchus oleraceus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sonchus oleraceus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sonchus oleraceus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sonchus oleraceus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sonchus oleraceus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sonchus oleraceus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sonchus oleraceus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sonchus oleraceus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sonchus oleraceus
Tropicos: Sonchus oleraceus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Sonchus oleraceus., retrieved 16 June 2019

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