Diodia sarmentosa Sw.

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Diodia sarmentosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhandar River below Nhancuco, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa

Diodia sarmentosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhandar River below Nhancuco, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa

Diodia sarmentosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhandar River below Nhancuco, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Diodella sarmentosa (Sw.) Bacigalupo & E. L. Cabral
Diodia pilosa Schumach. & Thonn.
Diodia scandens auct. non Sw.
Hexasepalum sarmentosum (Sw.) Delprete & J.H.Kirkbr.
Spermacoce pilosa (Schumach. & Thonn.) DC.
Common names:
Status: Native
Straggling or procumbent perennial or annual herb. Stems up to 4 m long, distinctly 4-angled, hairy on the angles. Leaves opposite, elliptic, up to 6.5 cm long, green to yellowish-green, with rough, tubercle based hairs. Stipules frilled with 5-7 setae, up to 7 mm long. Flowers in few-flowered clusters at the nodes. Corolla with 4 triangular lobes, small, mauve or white, somewhat hairy outside. Stamens and style exserted. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, up to 3.5 × 2.5 mm.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: At the margin of evergreen and riverine forest and rocky areas near rivers.
Altitude range: 40 - 1470 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Asia, America and the Mascarene Islands.
Mozambique distribution: N,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 7 October 2007

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 100.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 88.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 163 - 164. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Diodia sarmentosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Diodia sarmentosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Diodia sarmentosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Diodia sarmentosa
African Plant Database: Diodia sarmentosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Diodia sarmentosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Diodia sarmentosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Diodia sarmentosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Diodia sarmentosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Diodia sarmentosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Diodia sarmentosa
iNaturalist: Diodia sarmentosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Diodia sarmentosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Diodia sarmentosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Diodia sarmentosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Diodia sarmentosa
Plants of the World Online: Diodia sarmentosa
Tropicos: Diodia sarmentosa
Wikipedia: Diodia sarmentosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Diodia sarmentosa.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=162280, retrieved 23 March 2023

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