Cynorkis buchananii Rolfe

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Cynorkis buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below the main peak of Mt Namuli, Mozambique.

Cynorkis buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below the main peak of Mt Namuli, Mozambique.

Cynorkis buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below the main peak of Mt Namuli, Mozambique.

Cynorkis buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below the main peak of Mt Namuli, Mozambique.

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Synonyms: Cynorkis buchwaldiana subsp. nyassana (Schltr.) Summerh.
Cynorkis nyassana Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb, up to c. 45 cm tall. Basal leaves 1-2, up to 16 cm long, lanceolate-elliptic, narrowing to a petiole-like base; leaves along the stem sheath-like, up to 2.3 cm long. Inflorescence 2.5-11 cm long, laxly to densely many-flowered, sparsely glandular hairy. Flowers pale pink or lilac, white inside the hood and at the base of the lip. Petals forming a hood with the dorsal sepal. Lip 6-7.5 mm long, up to 3.5 mm at the apex, wedge-shaped, almost entire except for 3 obscure shallow teeth at the apex. Spur 3-5 mm long, somewhat incurved.
Notes: Note: This species was considered Endemic to the mountains of southern Malawi (la Croix et al., 1991; la Croix & Cribb in FZ XI-1, 1995). It may, however, also be known from southern Tanzania (Uluguru Mts) and the DRC (World Monocot Checklist, KEW). The specimens in the photographs are the first records for Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Buchanan_(settler).
Habitat: On rocky seepage slopes, in damp grassland and sometimes in exotic pine plantations.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Southern Malawi and Mt Namuli, Mozambique; also Tanzania and the DRC (see note below).
Mozambique distribution: Z
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 3 February 2009
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 52.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 46. (Includes a picture).

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Page 25. as Cynorkis buchwaldiana subsp. nyassana

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 133.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1962). African orchids XXVIII Kew Bulletin 16(2) Page 258. as Cynorkis buchwaldiana subsp. nyassana

Other sources of information about Cynorkis buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cynorkis buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynorkis buchananii
African Plant Database: Cynorkis buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynorkis buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynorkis buchananii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cynorkis buchananii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cynorkis buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynorkis buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cynorkis buchananii
iNaturalist: Cynorkis buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynorkis buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynorkis buchananii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cynorkis buchananii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cynorkis buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynorkis buchananii
Plants of the World Online: Cynorkis buchananii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cynorkis buchananii
Tropicos: Cynorkis buchananii
Wikipedia: Cynorkis buchananii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cynorkis buchananii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=173790, retrieved 17 September 2019

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