Viscum littorum Polhill & Wiens

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Viscum littorum

Photo: Ton Rulkens
South side of Pemba Bay, close to Pemba Town.

Viscum littorum

Photo: Ton Rulkens
South side of Pemba Bay, close to Pemba Town.

Viscum littorum

Photo: Ton Rulkens
South side of Pemba Bay, close to Pemba Town.

Viscum littorum

Photo: Ton Rulkens
South side of Pemba Bay, close to Pemba Town.

Viscum littorum

Photo: Ton Rulkens
South side of Pemba Bay, close to Pemba Town.

Viscum littorum

Photo: Ton Rulkens
South side of Pemba Bay, close to Pemba Town.

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Small, leafless, dioecious shrub; internodes of distal branches 20–30 mm long, the ultimate branchlets flattened, but primary stems rounded. Bracteal cups of pistillate flowers sessile, with a spreading rim. Staminate plants unknown. Pistillate flowers borne subsessile and singly. Berries shortly pedicellate, ovoid-oblong, c. 4 mm indiameter, smooth. Ring scar left by perianth 1.5 mm in diameter, swollen, forming a rounded edge.
Notes: Known only from the type specimen (Ibo, Quissanga, MacNae) and from two photographic records taken in Pemba Bay by Ton Rulkens in 2014. The two records are on different species of mangrove, Sonneratia alba and Ceriops tagal.
Derivation of specific name: littorum: of the coast, littoral.
Habitat: In mangrove swamps where Sonneratia alba and Ceriops tagal are known hosts.
Altitude range: 0 - 5 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Only known from very few records in northern Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 7 January 2020
Literature:

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 299. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (2006). Viscaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Page 203.

Other sources of information about Viscum littorum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Viscum littorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Viscum littorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Viscum littorum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Viscum littorum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Viscum littorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Viscum littorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Viscum littorum
iNaturalist: Viscum littorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Viscum littorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Viscum littorum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Viscum littorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Viscum littorum
Plants of the World Online: Viscum littorum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Viscum littorum
Tropicos: Viscum littorum
Wikipedia: Viscum littorum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Viscum littorum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=176560, retrieved 3 August 2020

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