Sonneratia alba Sm.

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Sonneratia alba

Photo: Warren McCleland
Govuro Estuary, North of Inhassoro.

Sonneratia alba

Photo: Warren McCleland
Govuro Estuary, North of Inhassoro.

Sonneratia alba

Photo: Warren McCleland
Govuro Estuary, North of Inhassoro.

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Common names:
Frequency: Locally very common
Status: Native
Evergreen shrub or small tree with spreading branches and many thick, finger-like pneumatophores. Bark dark grey or greyish-brown rough and fissured bark.; young branches swollen at the nodes. Leaves opposite, obovate-circular or obovate-elliptic 3-12.5 cm long, rounded or emarginate at the apex, leathery, yellow-green; margin entire, somewhat wavy; petiole stout, 3-15 mm long. Flowers 1-3 together, terminal; calyx green; petals strap-shaped, white, inconspicuous; stamens numerous in a conspicuous white mass, c. 4 4 cm in diameter, showy and fragrant. Fruit conical, up to 3 × 4 cm, crowned by the style and cupped in the deflexed calyx lobes, green.
Derivation of specific name: alba: white.
Habitat: In salty mud of mangrove swamps
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Somalia to Southern Mozambique, Madagascar, Indian Ocean Islands, Southeast Asia, northern Australia and Islands in the Pacific.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 29 August 2016

Beentje, H. & Bandeira, S. (2007). Field Guide to the Mangrove trees of Africa and Madagascar Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK ISBN 978-184246-135-8 Pages 68 - 69. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 656. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 781.

Fernandes, A. (1978). Sonneratiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 327 - 329. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Sonneratia alba:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sonneratia alba
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sonneratia alba
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sonneratia alba
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sonneratia alba
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sonneratia alba
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sonneratia alba
JSTOR Plant Science: Sonneratia alba
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sonneratia alba
Plants of the World Online: Sonneratia alba
Tropicos: Sonneratia alba
Wikipedia: Sonneratia alba

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Sonneratia alba., retrieved 21 April 2024

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