Ritchiea pygmaea De Wolf

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Ritchiea pygmaea

Photo: Warren McCleland
Quiterajo, Macomia District, Cabo Delgado

Ritchiea pygmaea

Photo: Warren McCleland
Quiterajo, Macomia District, Cabo Delgado

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Synonyms: Maerua pygmaea Gilg
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb short with annual shoots up to c. 40 cm. tall, growing from a woody rootstock often flowering before the leaves appear. Leaves 3–5-foliolate, sometimes practically flat on the ground at maturity; leaflets obovate to oblanceolate, 10–14 cm. long, hairless, sometimes asymmetric at the base; petiole 5–8 cm. long. Inflorescence a dense sub-umbelliform raceme with pedicels 1–2 cm. long. Sepals 1–1.5 cm. long; petals absent. Stamens 50 or more. Young fruits sub-cylindric and ribbed, hairless, verrucose; mature fruits unknown.
Derivation of specific name: pygmaea: dwarfed, very small.
Habitat: In open woodland and sometimes on termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southeastern DRC, Tanzania and Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 21 August 2016

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 166. (Includes a picture).

De Wolf, G.P. (1961). The Genus Ritchiea in East and West Africa Kirkia 1 Page 94.

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Page 224.

Other sources of information about Ritchiea pygmaea:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ritchiea pygmaea
African Plant Database: Ritchiea pygmaea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ritchiea pygmaea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ritchiea pygmaea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ritchiea pygmaea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ritchiea pygmaea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ritchiea pygmaea
JSTOR Plant Science: Ritchiea pygmaea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ritchiea pygmaea
Plants of the World Online: Ritchiea pygmaea
Tropicos: Ritchiea pygmaea
Wikipedia: Ritchiea pygmaea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Ritchiea pygmaea.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=177710, retrieved 27 September 2023

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