Adenia dolichosiphon Harms

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Adenia dolichosiphon

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Close to Pemba Bay, Cabo Delgado

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Common names:
Status: Native
Herbaceous perennial climber up to 5 m high, growing from a turnip-shaped tuber. Tendrils present. Leaves simple, ovate to triangular, 2-10 cm long, unlobed, more or less cordate at the 3-5-veined base; margin entire; petiole 5-55 mm long; 2 yellowish glands present at the base of the leaf blade, 1.5-3 mm in diameter. Inflorescences sessile or pedunculate axillary clusters, unisexual with 1-15 male flowers or 1-3 female flowers. Flowers pendent, tubular up to 75 mm long, pale yellowish or greenish. Capsule subglobose 4-5 cm long with a thick leathery skin.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland and shrubby vegetation on clay or sandy soils.
Altitude range: 5 - 650 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania and Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 13 October 2016

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 94.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 91.

De Wilde, W.J.J.O. (1971). A Monograph of the genus Adenia Forsk. (Passifloraceae) Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 71(18) H. Veenman & Zonen, Wageningen, Netherlands Pages 165 - 167.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Passifloraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Page 396.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1980). 79. Passiforaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 25 - 26.

Other sources of information about Adenia dolichosiphon:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenia dolichosiphon
African Plant Database: Adenia dolichosiphon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenia dolichosiphon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenia dolichosiphon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenia dolichosiphon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Adenia dolichosiphon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenia dolichosiphon
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenia dolichosiphon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenia dolichosiphon
Plants of the World Online: Adenia dolichosiphon
Tropicos: Adenia dolichosiphon
Wikipedia: Adenia dolichosiphon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Adenia dolichosiphon., retrieved 5 December 2023

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