Thalassodendron ciliatum (Forssk.) Hartog

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Thalassodendron ciliatum

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Inhaca Island

Thalassodendron ciliatum

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Thalassodendron ciliatum

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

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Synonyms: Cymodocea ciliata (Forssk.) Asch.
Zostera ciliata Forssk.
Common names: Sickle-leaved cymodocea (English)
Status: Native
Perennial marine herb. Rhizome reddish-brown, angled, bearing roots and scales 5-10 mm long. Leafy stems up to 35 cm. Leaves: sheath 15-30 mm long, with obtuse auricles; lamina falcate, 5-15 cm long; margin irregularly serrate. Flowers on shortened side-branches; bracts greenish often tinged with red at maturity. Male flowers: anthers 6-10 mm, each with a short appendage. Females flowers: ovary 1-2 mm, ellipsoid. Fruit 3.5-6 cm long, free-floating when ripe, sometimes developing when still attached.
Derivation of specific name: ciliatum: fringed with hairs; ciliate
Habitat: In sandy areas in lower intertidal zone, always submerged; also in rock pools.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: The Indian Ocean and tropical coasts of the Pacific Ocean and eastern Australia
Mozambique distribution: N,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 19 August 2015

Duarte, M.C. (2009). Cymodoceaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Pages 107 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Mogg, A.O.D. (1969). An annotated checklist of the flowering plants and ferns of Inhaca Island, Mozambique. In : A natural history of Inhaca Island, Mozambique, 2nd edition (ed by W. Macnae and M. Kalk) Witswatersrand University Press, Johannesburg. Page 139.

Other sources of information about Thalassodendron ciliatum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Thalassodendron ciliatum
African Plant Database: Thalassodendron ciliatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Thalassodendron ciliatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Thalassodendron ciliatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Thalassodendron ciliatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Thalassodendron ciliatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Thalassodendron ciliatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Thalassodendron ciliatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Thalassodendron ciliatum
Plants of the World Online: Thalassodendron ciliatum
Tropicos: Thalassodendron ciliatum
Wikipedia: Thalassodendron ciliatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Thalassodendron ciliatum., retrieved 22 July 2024

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