Euphorbia cyathophora Murray

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Euphorbia cyathophora

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Close to Xai-Xai.

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Synonyms: Poinsettia cyathophora (Murray) Klotzsch
Common names: Dwarf poinsettia (English) Fire-on-the-mountain (English) Painted spurge (English)
Status: Introduced
Erect annual herb to 1 m. Leaves: petiole to 1.5 cm; lamina panduriform; margin irregularly toothed; base cuneate; apex obtuse. Inflorescence of densely clustered cyathia in terminal cymes. Basal bracts similar to leaves but with a bright orange-red blotch at the base; upper bracts smaller, more completely red. Involucral gland 1, barrel shaped, with a transversely elliptic opening. Capsule 4 × 5 mm, exserted on a reflexed pedicel. Seeds blackish-brown bearing sharply pointed warts.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In disturbed ground
Altitude range: 0 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical; introduced in tropical Africa and becoming naturalised
Mozambique distribution: GI,M
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 14 October 2016

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Page 363.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 56.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia cyathophora:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia cyathophora
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia cyathophora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia cyathophora
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbia cyathophora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia cyathophora
African Plant Database: Euphorbia cyathophora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia cyathophora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia cyathophora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia cyathophora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Euphorbia cyathophora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia cyathophora
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia cyathophora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia cyathophora
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia cyathophora
Tropicos: Euphorbia cyathophora
Wikipedia: Euphorbia cyathophora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Euphorbia cyathophora., retrieved 19 June 2024

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