Cornus volkensii Harms

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Synonyms: Afrocrania volkensii (Harms) Hutch.
Common names: African dogwood (English)
Frequency: Rare and local in Mozambique
Status: Native
Description:
Tree up to 18 m high; bark grey or black, granular. Leaves more or less narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, 3·5–17·5 cm long, venation regular with prominent opposite to subopposite lateral veins curving to run parallel with the midrib, finely appressed pubescent when young, becoming hairless when odler. Inflorescences unisexual on different trees, terminal, densely flowered, at first enclosed within a characteristic globular bud protected by 4 ovate bracts. Male flowers arranged in pseudo-umbellate clusters; peduncles and pedicels with appressed pubescence; sepals short, triangular; petals 2 mm long, with scattered hairs; stamens 4. Female flowers greenish-yellow, in umbels; calyx with 4 minute free teeth; petals c. 3 mm long, with scattered hairs or hairless. Fruit an ellipsoid drupe, 10–11 mm long, with minute appressed hairs, crowned by the remains of the calyx, disk and style.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: volkensii: after G. Volkens who collected on Mt Kilimanjaro 1892, 1893 and 1894
Habitat: In upland forest often along streams.
Altitude range: 1200 - 2400 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 133. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 724. (Includes a picture).

Cannon, J.F.M. (1978). Cornaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 637 - 638. as Afrocrania volkensii (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 859. as Afrocrania volkensii

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18. as Afrocrania volkensii

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 265. as Afrocrania volkensii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 37. as Afrocrania volkensii

Maundu, P. & Tengnas, B. (Eds.) (2005). Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya Technical Handbook 35 World Agroforestry Centre - Eastern and Central Africa Regional Programme, Nairobi Page 176. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 72.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 215 - 216. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cornus volkensii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cornus volkensii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cornus volkensii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cornus volkensii
African Plant Database: Cornus volkensii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cornus volkensii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cornus volkensii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cornus volkensii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cornus volkensii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cornus volkensii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cornus volkensii
iNaturalist: Cornus volkensii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cornus volkensii
JSTOR Plant Science: Cornus volkensii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cornus volkensii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cornus volkensii
Plants of the World Online: Cornus volkensii
Tropicos: Cornus volkensii
Wikipedia: Cornus volkensii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cornus volkensii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=143390, retrieved 4 December 2020

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