Maesa lanceolata Forssk.

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Maesa lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Maesa lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Valley vetween Mt Binga and Mt Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts

Maesa lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga before "Mosquito Camp", Chimanimani National Reserve

Maesa lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga before "Mosquito Camp", Chimanimani National Reserve

Maesa lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga before "Mosquito Camp", Chimanimani National Reserve

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Baeobotrys lanceolata (Forssk.) Vahl
Maesa angolensis Gilg
Maesa mildbraedii Gilg & Schellenb.
Maesa rufescens A. DC.
Common names: False assegai (English)
Frequency: Common in the higher rainfall areas
Status: Native
Evergreen shrub or much-branched small tree, 2-10 m. Leaves: petiole 1.5-3 cm; lamina 6-17 cm, ranging from lanceolate to broadly elliptic, glabrous or pubescent especially on the nerves; margin slightly revolute, very shallowly to distinctly serrate. Inflorescence of axillary panicles, usually shorter than the leaves. Corolla 1.5-1.8 mm, pale yellow or whitish, scented. Anthers 0.4-0.7 mm. Stigma truncate, ± lobed. Fruit 3-4 mm in diameter, greenish to pale pink. Seeds blackish, angular.
Derivation of specific name: lanceolata: lance-shaped; lanceolate
Habitat: At the margins of forest, occasionally in montane grassland.
Altitude range: 980 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and Southern Africa, extending into Arabia.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 25 February 2020

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 216. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 733. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 38.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 866. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 82. in Maesaceae

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19. As Maesa lanceolata subsp. Lanceolata

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 265.

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Myrsinaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 199 - 201. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 64.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 73. In Maesaceae

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 498 - 500. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 60 - 61.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 126.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 146 - 147. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 166 - 167. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 405 - 406. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 96.

Other sources of information about Maesa lanceolata:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Maesa lanceolata
Flora of Malawi: Maesa lanceolata
Flora of Zambia: Maesa lanceolata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Maesa lanceolata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Maesa lanceolata
African Plant Database: Maesa lanceolata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Maesa lanceolata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maesa lanceolata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Maesa lanceolata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Maesa lanceolata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maesa lanceolata
JSTOR Plant Science: Maesa lanceolata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Maesa lanceolata
Plants of the World Online: Maesa lanceolata
Tropicos: Maesa lanceolata
Wikipedia: Maesa lanceolata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Maesa lanceolata., retrieved 30 November 2023

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