Vitex doniana Sweet

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Vitex doniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
School site Nhancuco, lower slopes, Mt Gorongosa

Vitex doniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Musikadzi ranger post, Gorongosa National Park.

Vitex doniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road between gates, Gorongosa National Park

Vitex doniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road between gates, Gorongosa National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Black plum (English) Prune fingerleaf (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized deciduous tree with a rounded crown. Leaves palmately divided with 3-7 leaflets, mostly 5 with the lower leaflets distinctly smaller; leaflets obovate, leathery, dark green above, paler below, mostly hairless except for a few stellate hairs on the midrib below; apex rounded or notched, occasionally abruptly acuminate. Flowers in branched axillary heads, blue, violet or white with the lower lobe darker. Fruit ellipsoid, c. 3 × 2 cm, fleshy, hairless, purple-black, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: At the margins of evergreen and riverine forest and in woodland.
Altitude range: 5 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and the Comoro Islands
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 19 March 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 192. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 854. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 85 - 86.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 57.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 184.

Other sources of information about Vitex doniana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vitex doniana
Flora of Zambia: Vitex doniana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vitex doniana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vitex doniana
African Plant Database: Vitex doniana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vitex doniana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex doniana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vitex doniana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vitex doniana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vitex doniana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vitex doniana
iNaturalist: Vitex doniana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex doniana
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex doniana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vitex doniana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vitex doniana
Plants of the World Online: Vitex doniana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vitex doniana
Tropicos: Vitex doniana
Wikipedia: Vitex doniana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Vitex doniana.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148880, retrieved 22 November 2019

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