Plectranthus sanguineus Britten

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Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Bart Wursten

Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Bart Wursten

Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near dam, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Plectranthus sanguineus

Photo: Mark Hyde
c. 11 kms north of Masvingo Birchenough Road on road to Gutu

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Soft-wooded shrubby perennial, up to 1.5 m and sometimes taller. Stems slightly succulent, rounded-4-angled, erect, brown to purplish, sometimes yellowish near the inflorescence, more or less densely pubescent and with reddish glands, often almost leafless at flowering time. Leaves fleshy, obovate to spathulate, 15-30mm long, yellowish, browinish or whitish, hairy and with some pale glands beneath; margin crenate; petiole 2-5 mm long. Inflorescence simple or branched, fairly dense. Calyx 2 mm long, densely pubescent, sometimes yellowish with pale reddish sessile glands. Corolla 2-lipped, almost white, pale blue or purple, 6-10 mm long, pubescent and with red glands on the lobes.
Notes: Leaves and inflorescence stain the fingers reddish-brown when crushed.
Derivation of specific name: sanguineus: blood-red, referring to the red-staining dye exuding from plants when crushed
Habitat: On exposed granite hills
Altitude range: 300 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 44.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 250 - 252.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 113.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 73.

Other sources of information about Plectranthus sanguineus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Plectranthus sanguineus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Plectranthus sanguineus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Plectranthus sanguineus
African Plant Database: Plectranthus sanguineus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Plectranthus sanguineus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Plectranthus sanguineus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus sanguineus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus sanguineus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Plectranthus sanguineus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Plectranthus sanguineus
iNaturalist: Plectranthus sanguineus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus sanguineus
JSTOR Plant Science: Plectranthus sanguineus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus sanguineus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Plectranthus sanguineus
Plants of the World Online: Plectranthus sanguineus
Tropicos: Plectranthus sanguineus
Wikipedia: Plectranthus sanguineus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Plectranthus sanguineus., retrieved 22 September 2021

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