Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers

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Cistanche tinctoria

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Chocas, Mossuril district, Nampula province

Cistanche tinctoria

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Chocas, Mossuril district, Nampula province

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Synonyms: Cistanche carnosa Pax
Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f.
Orobanche tinctoria Forssk.
Phelipaea tinctoria (Forssk.) Brot.
Phelipaea tubulosa Schenk
Common names:
Frequency: Very local
Status: Native
Root-parastite with an erect fleshy stem, 10–20 cm tall, swollen at base, yellow-brown to mauve-purple, hairless. Scales broadly ovate-lanceolate, up to 15 mm long, hairless, mostly concentrated towards the base. Inflorescence up to 10 cm long and upto 8 cm wide; bracts purplish, scale-like. Bracteoles subobovate to subspathulate, up to 14 mm, long. Calyx 1.6–1.8 mm long, with shalllow rounded lobes, slightly overlapping at base. Corolla cream-coloured, 4–5 cm long, erect at first, later curving outwards; lobes entire, broadly rounded.
Notes: In Mozambique only known from a few records on the coast from the Mossuril District.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Often in saline areas in coastal vegetation or in dry stony areas.
Altitude range: 0 - 15 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known from Senegal, Mediterranean North Africa and East towards India; Ethiopia, Socotra, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and northern Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 28 December 2019

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 158 - 159. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cistanche tinctoria:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cistanche tinctoria
African Plant Database: Cistanche tinctoria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cistanche tinctoria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cistanche tinctoria
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cistanche tinctoria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cistanche tinctoria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cistanche tinctoria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cistanche tinctoria
iNaturalist: Cistanche tinctoria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cistanche tinctoria
JSTOR Plant Science: Cistanche tinctoria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cistanche tinctoria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cistanche tinctoria
Plants of the World Online: Cistanche tinctoria
Tropicos: Cistanche tinctoria
Wikipedia: Cistanche tinctoria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cistanche tinctoria., retrieved 29 March 2023

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