Protea caffra Meisn.
subsp. caffra

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Protea caffra subsp. caffra

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district, Maputo Province

Protea caffra subsp. caffra

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district, Maputo Province

Protea caffra subsp. caffra

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district, Maputo Province

Protea caffra subsp. caffra

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district, Maputo Province

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Synonyms: Protea baurii E. Phillips
Protea bolusii E. Phillips
Protea multibracteata E. Phillips
Protea natalensis E. Phillips
Protea peglerae E. Phillips
Protea rhodantha Hook. f.
Protea rhodantha Hook. f. var. falcata Beard
Protea stpitata E. Phillips
Scolymocephalus caffer (Meisn.) Kuntze
Common names: Common protea (English) Common sugarbush (English)
Frequency: Local in Southern Mozambique
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, mostly crowded towards the ends of branches, sessile, narrowly elliptic, oblong or oblanceolate, 7-25 cm long, bluish-green to light green, with a pinkish midrib, hairless. Flowerheads 4-6.5 cm in diameter; bracts cream or pinkish inside, hairless or with scattered whitish hairs; flowers cream or pinkish with the perianth limb 10-14 mm long.
Notes: This species differs from subsp. gazenzis by smaller flowerheads, shorter perianths and its lower altitude not montane habitat preference.
Derivation of specific name: caffra: of Caffraria, a historic reference to South Africa.
Habitat: On dry rocky ridges and hillsides.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern Mozambique, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 27 October 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Chisumpa, S.M., Brummitt, R.K. & Marner, S. (2006). Proteaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 68 - 69.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 167.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 94 - 95. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 214 - 215. as Protea caffra (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 256 - 257. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Protea caffra subsp. caffra:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Protea caffra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Protea caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Protea caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Protea caffra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Protea caffra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Protea caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Protea caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Protea caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Protea caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Protea caffra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Protea caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Protea caffra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Protea caffra
Tropicos: Protea caffra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Protea caffra subsp. caffra.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=176260, retrieved 23 March 2019

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