Celtis philippensis Blanco

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Celtis philippensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
At top of wooded slope, Khodzue River Gorge

Celtis philippensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
At top of wooded slope, Khodzue River Gorge

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Synonyms: Celtis brownii Rendle
Celtis insularis Rendle
Celtis mauritiana Planch.
Celtis prantlii Engl.
Celtis rendleana G. Tayl.
Celtis scotellioides A. Chev.
Celtis wightii Planch.
Common names:
Frequency: Local and uncommon
Status: Native
Evergreen tree, up to 20 m tall, often with short buttresses at the base; bark smooth, grey. Leaves elliptic-oblong to elliptic ovate, 5-17 cm long; 3-veined from the base, with the lateral pair extending almost to the tip of the leafblade, somewhat leathery, hairless; apex with a drip tip; base somewhat asymmetric; margin entire or with a few teeth in the upper half; petiole 4-15 mm long; stipules lanceolate, 3-7 mm long. Inflorescences axillary towards the ends of branches, 5-30 mm long. Flowers mostly unisexual; male flowers, sessile or very shortly pedicellate, crowded at the base of the inflorescences and some female and bisexual, with longer pedicels at the apex. Fruit ovoid, 9-12 mm long, red, hairless.
Derivation of specific name: philippensis: of the Philippines.
Habitat: In low-altitude evergreen forest and riverine forest.
Altitude range: 300 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From West Africa to Ethiopia and South to Mozambique and Angola; also in Madagascar, Mascarene Islands, and in Tropical Asia and Australia.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 27 July 2023

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 68. (Includes a picture).

Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (1991). Ulmaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 7 - 8.

Other sources of information about Celtis philippensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Celtis philippensis
African Plant Database: Celtis philippensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Celtis philippensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Celtis philippensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Celtis philippensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Celtis philippensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Celtis philippensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Celtis philippensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Celtis philippensis
Plants of the World Online: Celtis philippensis
Tropicos: Celtis philippensis
Wikipedia: Celtis philippensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Celtis philippensis.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=184160, retrieved 29 November 2023

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