1311.000 Gladiolus L. - Gladioluses


Goldblatt, P. (1996) Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon.

Description of the genus

Perennial herbs, dying back each year, with corms. Inflorescence a spike with secund flowers. Flowers zygomorphic; tepals united into a perianth tube. Style branches expanded above (i.e. broader towards apex) and sometimes 2-lobed at the apex. Fruit a capsule, slightly inflated. Seeds broadly winged.

Derivation of name: 'Little sword' (Latin) referring to the flattened sword-shaped leaves

Worldwide: c. 250 species in Europe, Mediterranean area, tropical African mountains, South Africa and Madagascar

Mozambique: 19 taxa.

Gladiolus decoratus

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
atropurpureus BakerN,Z,T,MSDescription, Image
brachyphyllus F. Bolus[NrEnd]M
crassifolius BakerZ,MS,MDescription, Image
crassifolius Baker (Mt Gorongosa form)MSDescription, Image
crassifolius Baker (Mt Namuli form)ZDescription, Image
dalenii Van Geel subsp. andongensis (Baker) GoldblattN,Z
dalenii Van Geel subsp. dalenii N,Z,GI,MDescription, Image
dalenii Van Geel subsp. dalenii (red form) Description, Image
decoratus BakerN,Z,MSDescription, Image
erectiflorus BakerNDescription, Image
gregarius Welw. ex BakerN,Z,TDescription, Image
hollandii L. BolusM
juncifolius GoldblattMSDescription, Image
melleri BakerT,MSDescription, Image
mosambicensis Baker[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
murielae KelwayTDescription, Image
unguiculatus BakerN,ZDescription, Image
zambesiacus BakerZ
zimbabweensis Goldblatt[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Gladiolus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gladiolus
Flora of Caprivi: Gladiolus
Flora of Malawi: Gladiolus
Flora of Zambia: Gladiolus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gladiolus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gladiolus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gladiolus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gladiolus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gladiolus
Wikipedia: Gladiolus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gladiolus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Gladiolus.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=389, retrieved 21 March 2023

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