Syncolostemon bracteosus (Benth.) D.F. Otieno

All images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View selected images

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Twentydales ext., Epworth, Harare.

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Twentydales ext., Epworth, Harare.

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Main Camp to Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools, by main road to camp

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Nhambita turn-off to entrance gate, Gorongosa National Park

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Nhambita turn-off to entrance gate, Gorongosa National Park

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Nhambita turn-off to entrance gate, Gorongosa National Park

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Nhambita turn-off to entrance gate, Gorongosa National Park

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Nhambita turn-off to entrance gate, Gorongosa National Park

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Nhambita turn-off to entrance gate, Gorongosa National Park

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
B8 c. 70 km West of Katima Mulilo

Syncolostemon bracteosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
B8 c. 70 km West of Katima Mulilo

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hemizygia bracteosa (Benth.) Briq.
Hemizygia junodii Briq.
Ocimum bracteosum Benth.
Orthosiphon bracteatus (Benth.) Baker
Orthosiphon rhodesianus S. Moore
Common names: Purple top (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Annual or perennial herb, up to 70 cm tall. Stems 4-angled with spreading greyish hairs. Leaves opposite, sessile, narrowly lanceolate, 4-10 cm long, pubescent on both surfaces; margin with small, widely spread teeth. Flowers in 5-12 more or less widely separated whorls, together appearing as a terminal inflorescence, topped by a crown of terminal bright purple, mauve or whitish bracts. Corolla white, sometimes with purple markings in the throat or on the upper lip.
Notes: The flowers are small and fairly inconspicuous but the brightly coloured head of bracts often make this species a striking feature in the field. Sometimes, particularly in lower and drier habitats, plants appear to be weaker annual herbs, often with whitish bracts.
Derivation of specific name: bracteosus: bearing (conspicuous) bracts; referring to the colourful bracts topping the inflorescence
Habitat: In wooded grassland and open woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Oct - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 5 June 2012
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 179. As Hemizygia bracteosa (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 150 - 151. as Hemizygia bracteosa (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31. As Hemizygia bracteosa

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 394. as Hemizygia bracteosa (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 55. As Hemizygia bracteosa

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 142 - 144. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 67. as Hemizygia bracteosa (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 78. as Hemizygia bracteosa

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 26. As Hemizygia bracteosa

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 215. as Hemizygia bracteosa

Other sources of information about Syncolostemon bracteosus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora of Caprivi: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora of Malawi: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora of Zambia: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Syncolostemon bracteosus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Syncolostemon bracteosus
African Plant Database: Syncolostemon bracteosus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Syncolostemon bracteosus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Syncolostemon bracteosus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Syncolostemon bracteosus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Syncolostemon bracteosus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Syncolostemon bracteosus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Syncolostemon bracteosus
iNaturalist: Syncolostemon bracteosus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Syncolostemon bracteosus
JSTOR Plant Science: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Plants of the World Online: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Tropicos: Syncolostemon bracteosus
Wikipedia: Syncolostemon bracteosus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Syncolostemon bracteosus.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150210, retrieved 29 November 2020

Site software last modified: 24 September 2019 10:58am
Terms of use